There are many contraception options available to women, and choosing which one is right for you can be a tough decision. There are two main contraception methods; those which involve a barrier between the sperm and the egg, and those where there is no barrier. If there is no barrier, then you risk getting an STD if you’re not sleeping with a regular partner.
Condoms are placed on the penis before any sexual contact to prevent semen coming into contact with the vaginal area, or anus if anal sex has taken place. This contraception method also reduces the risk of STDs (sexually transmitted diseases) when having partnered sex.
There are two options when it comes to the pill. Either combined or progestogen-only pill. The combined pill is the most common contraception option amongst women. It involves taking two hormones, oestrogen and progesterone, every day to stop your ovaries from releasing eggs each month (ovulation). However, if you are over a certain age, you smoke or get migraines, you’ll be prescribed the progestogen-only pill.
The implant contraception is a tiny rod that is inserted into the skin of your upper arm. It releases a hormone called progesterone which prevents the lining of the womb from growing thicker, this means that an egg cannot implant itself. It is very effective contraception with less than 1% of women becoming pregnant in one year of use.
The Copper Coil
The coil contraception also known as Intra-uterine contraception (IUC) works by stopping the sperm from reaching an egg. It is a small, flexible plastic and copper device that is inserted into your womb by a doctor or nurse. The coil contraception prevent pregnancy by stopping eggs being released from the ovaries (ovulation) and also by changing the lining of your womb to stop a fertilised egg implanting itself onto it.
The Mirena Coil
The Mirena Coil is similar to the copper coil, except it releases progestogen into your body. Progestogen thickens the fluid around the eggs making it difficult for sperm to swim through. It also works by stopping eggs being released from the ovaries (ovulation).
The Mirena Coil offers contraception for up to five years and offers effective contraception from the first day of use.
The contraception injection (DMPA) is a contraceptive injection given once every three months. It thickens the fluid around the eggs making it difficult for sperm to swim through, as well as also changing the lining of your womb to reduce chances of getting pregnant.
The contraception injection can be done at any stage in your menstrual cycle and is the most effective contraception the earlier it is given.
There are two types of contraception injections:
- DMPA progestogen-only contraception injection ( every 6 months)
- Contraception injection – combined hormone contraception injection (every 12 weeks)
The female condom is a thin, soft sheath worn inside the vagina to prevent sperm from entering you.
The female condom can reduce your risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) by providing another barrier between your body and your partner’s semen or pre-ejaculate.
The above are the most common contraceptive options available to women. Which have worked for you? Are there any contraception options for women you know of which aren’t listed here? What are they?
Finding the best contraceptive for you isn’t an easy process, but it’s the best way of keeping yourself safe from STDs and avoiding unwanted pregnancy.